Cameras and detectors for time-resolved imaging and spectroscopy

iStar series from Andor Technology

Cameras and detectors for time-resolved spectroscopy and imaging have an image intensifier in front of the sensor. The image intensifier acts as an ultra-fast optical shutter for exposure times of a few nanoseconds. Because of the image intensifier’s high gain, extremely faint signals down to single photons can be detected.

The intensified CCD (Charge Coupled Device) und sCMOS (scientific Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor) cameras of the iStar series from Andor Technology are characterized by scientific grade CCD and sCMOS sensors, fast gate electronics, and high-quality image intensifier.

The iStar 320 and 340 detectors have rectangular CCD sensors (1024 x 255 x 26 µm and 2048 x 512 x 13.5 µm pixels, respectively). They are mainly used for spectroscopy. The iStar 312 and 334 as well as the iStar sCMOS have square sensors (512 x 512 x 24 µm, 1024 x 1024 x 13 µm, and 2560 x 2160 x 6,5 µm pixels, respectively). They are designed for imaging. However, the iStar 334 is also often employed for spectroscopy applications.

Features
Ultra-short temporal resolution < 2 ns
Large selection of photocathodes optimized for UV, VIS and NIR
Photocathode gate repetition rate up to 500 kHz
Integrated Digital Delay Generator with comprehensive software control
Thermo-electrical cooling of CCD sensor to -40°C for negligible dark current

The intensified CCD detectors iStar 320 and 340 are designed to offer the ultimate integrated detection solution for ns-scale time-resolved spectroscopy. The 4:1 aspect ratio is ideally suited for use with Andor’s Shamrock Czerny-Turner spectrograph series. The iStar 320 and 340 offer multi-MHz digitization for fast acquisition of spectra in excess of 100 spectra/s. Special operation modes (Crop Mode and Fast Kinetics) enable high speed spectroscopy with more than 1,000 and 10,000 spectra/s, respectively.

The intensified cameras iStar 312, iStar 334, and iStar sCMOS with square sensors are designed to offer the ultimate integrated detection solution for high resolution, ns-scale time-resolved imaging.

The iStar 334 series is very versatile and is employed for both imaging and spectroscopy. It is the detector of choice for use with Andor’s Echelle spectrograph Mechelle 5000 for laser induced plasma and breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS).

The iStar sCMOS cameras acquire up to 50 frames/s at full resolution. Therefore, they are very suitable for PLIF, combustion and plasma discharge studies. In addition, they can be very well employed for hyperspectral imaging and the fast and simultaneous acquisition of several spectra in combination with multi-branch fibers (multi-track spectroscopy). The dual image mode of the sCMOS sensor makes the iStar sCMOS also ideal for particle image velocimetry (PIV).

Generation 2 and 3 image intensifiers with entrance input window and phosphor options are available to match wavelength range requirements from 120 nm to 1,100 nm and minimum gating speeds requirements < 2 ns. All iStar cameras come with laptop-friendly, USB connectivity and a fully integrated software-controlled digital delay generator. This allows seamless integration of complex experiments at the touch of a button with full timing and gain control through a single interactive interface.

Laser induced fluorescence
Time-resolved photoluminescence
Plasma and combustion studies
Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS)
Transient absorption imaging and spectroscopy
Time-resolved Raman spectroscopy
Particle image velocimetry (PIV)
TitleAuthor(s)InstituteYearSpectrograph/
Detector
Characterization of ultrashort and coherent VUV pulses at the DELTA storage ring S. Khan1, F. H. Bahnsen1,
M. Bolsinger1, S. Hilbrich1,
M. Höner1, H. Huck1,2,
M. Huck1, M. Jebramcik1,
C. Mai1, A. Meyer auf der Heide1, R. Molo1, H. Rast1, G. Shayeganrad1, P. Ungelenk1
1 Zentrum für Synchrotronstrahlung (DELTA), Technische Universität Dortmund, Germany
2 now at Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen, Germany
2015iStar DH334T-18U-E3
Determination of triplet energies and decay times of light-emitting layersS. BrüninghoffDept SO-ACP-7, Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany2015iStar DH320T-18F-03
Shamrock SR-303i-A
Automated 2D elemental mapping by Laser-Induced Breakdown  SpectroscopyG. Cairns1,
J. Kaiser2
1Andor Technology, Belfast, United Kingdom
2Institute of Physical Engineering, Brno University of Technology, Czech Republic
2014iStar DH734i-18F-031
Mechelle ME5000
Measurement of alkali metal vapor density using interferometric methods for the proton driven wakefield accelerator at CERNF. Batsch,
P. Muggli,
E. Öz
Max Planck Institute for Physics, Munich, Germany2014iStar DH334T-18F-73
Shamrock SR-750-D2-SIL
Real-time imaging of quantum entanglementR, Fickler1,2,
M. Krenn1,2,
R. Lapkiewicz1,2,
S. Ramelow1,2,3,
A. Zeilinger1,2
1Vienna Center for Quantum Science and Technology, Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, Austria
2Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria
3Cornell University, Ithaca, USA
2014iStar DH334T-18F-03
Influence of the speciation of uranium on transfer factors measured by Time-Resolved Laser-induced Fluorescence Spectroscopy (TRLFS) F. Tawussi,
L. Lütke,
C. Walther
Institute for Radioecology and Radiation Protection, University of Hannover, Germany2014iStar DH334T-18F-A3
Shamrock SR-303i-A
Spatial and spectral measurements of transition radiation emitted by an energetic electron bunch accelerated in a laser-driven plasma wakefieldC. Palmer,
L. Schaper
Plasma Accelerator Group, DESY, Hamburg, Germany2013 iStar DH334T-18U-03
Newton DU920N-BU2
Shamrock SR-303i-A
Spektroskopie hochgeladener Ionen in einer kryogenen Paul- FalleL. Schmoeger,
O. Versolato,
B. Piest
Max-Planck-Institut für Kernphysik, Heidelberg, Deutschland 2013iStar DH740-18U-032
Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy of Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) thin film solar cellsD. BartlRobert Bosch GmbH, Corporate Sector Research and Advance Engineering
Stuttgart, Germany
2013iStar DH340T-18U-E3
Shamrock SR-500i-B1
Triplet solvation dynamics in hydrogen bonding liquids in hard and soft confinementsV. Talluto1,
C. Böhmer1,
T. Walther1,
T. Blochowicz2
1Institute of Applied Physics, Technical University Darmstadt, Germany
2Institute of Condensed Matter Physics, Technical University Darmstadt, Germany
2013iStar DH340T-18F-03
Shamrock SR-500i-A
In-situ Pulse Laser Heating in Diamond Anvil Cells with time-resolved  temperature measurementsZ. Konôpková1,
H.-P. Liermann1,
W. Morgenroth2
1Extreme Conditions Beamline, PETRA III, DESY, Hamburg, Germany
2Institute of Geoscience, Goethe University of Frankfurt/Main, Germany
2013iStar DH320T-18U-73
Shamrock SR-303i-A-SIL
High Enthalpy Flow Visualization using Laser Induced Fluorescence of Nitric OxideM. Kirschner,
T. Sander,
C. Mundt
Institute of Thermodynamics, University of the Federal Armed Forces Munich, Neubiberg, Germany2013iStar DH334T-18F-E3
Imaging of laser-induced plasma speciesM. Bator,
C. W. Schneider,
T. Lippert
Paul Scherrer Institute, Department General Energy, Villigen PSI, Switzerland2013iStar DH334T-18F-03
Time-resolved detection of Hydrogen in steel productsR. HergenröderDepartment of Interface Processes, Leibniz-Institute for Analytical Sciences - ISAS, Dortmund, Germany 2013iStar DH720-18F-033
Determination of fluorescence lifetimes of solvated Eu(III) and Cm(III) ions using Time-Resolved Laser Fluorescence Spectroscopy (TRLFS)B. B. Beele1,2,
C. M. Ruff2,
T. Rabung 2,
P. J. Panak1,2
1Radiochemistry, University of Heidelberg, Germany
2Institute for Nuclear Waste Disposal,  Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
2012Star DH734-18F-631
Shamrock SR-303i-A
High sensitivity imaging of Thomson scattering signalS. Hübner,
J. Palomares,
J. J. A. M. van der Mullen
Department of Applied Physics, Eindhoven University of Technology, The Netherlands2011iStar DH734-18U-631
Light emission profiles of a parallel plate dc micro discharge in different discharge modesI. StefanovicEperimental Physics II, University of Bochum, Germany2011iStar DH734-18F-031
Laser induced fluorescence for detecting residual impurities  in optical thin films at 193 nm excitationC. Mühlig Institute of Photonic Technology, Jena, Germany 2011iStar DH740i-18F-032
Shamrock SR-303i-B
Probing time resolved charge- transfer-excition recombination in organic solar cells by time- gated spectroscopyE. Da ComoDepartment of Physics and Center for Nanoscience (CeNS), Ludwig-Maximilian University Munich, Germany2011iStar DH740-18U-932
Acton SpectraPro 300
Delayed emission of charge transfer states in organic solar cellsF. LaquaiMax-Planck-Institute for Polymer Research, Mainz, Germany2010iStar DH740-18U-732
Shamrock SR303i-B
Luminescence dynamics of a photosensitizer in a photocatalytic model systemS. GödeInstitute of Physics, University of Rostock, Germany2010iStar DH740i-18U-052
Shamrock SR-303i-B
Orts- und zeitaufgelöste Spektroskopie an dichten ExzitonenR. SchwartzInstitute of Physics, University of Rostock, Germany2010iStar DH740-18U-632
Jobin-Yvon T64000
Photocycle KineticsR. HagedornInstitute of Biology, Humboldt University Berlin, Germany2009iStar DH734-18F-A31
Shamrock SR-303i-A
Time-resolved optical emission spectroscopy of HiPIMSV. Stranak,
R. Hippler
Institute of Physics, University of Greifswald, Germany2009iStar DH740i-18U-032
Shamrock SR-500-B1
Fast Imaging of the Atmospheric Pressure Glow DischargeM. C. M. van de SandenDepartment of Applied Physics, University of Technology Eindhoven, The Netherlands2009iStar DH734-18U-031
Phosphoreszenz in organischen HalbleiternA. KöhlerExperimental Physics II, University of Bayreuth, Germany 2008iStar DH734-18F-C31
Oriel Instruments MS257
Laserinduzierte Fluoreszenz (LIF) zur Untersuchung der Defektkinetik in hochreinen synthetischen QuarzgläsernC. MühligLeibniz Institut für Photonische Technolgien, Jena, Deutschland 2007iStar DH734-18F-031
Oriel Instruments MS260i
Plasmadiagnostik an Radikalen und Metastabilen mit Hilfe der laserinduzierten FluoreszenzJ. BarzFraunhofer Institut für Grenzflächen- und  Bioverfahrenstechnik, Stuttgart, Deutschland 2007iStar DH734i-18F-031
Dongwoo 750
Application of an Echelle spectrometer for 2D mapping of aluminum alloy surfaces using MicroLIBSM.T. Taschuk1,
M. Tripathi2,
A. Hanvey3,
R. Al-Wazzan3,
Y.Y. Tsui1 and
R. Fedosejevs1
1 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada,
2 Andor Technology, S. Windsor, USA , 3 Andor Technology, Belfast, United Kingdom
2007iStar DH734-18U-131
iStar DH720-25F-033
Mechelle ME5000
Oriel Instruments MS260i
Single Shot Spectral Charcterisation of a SASE Free Electron LaserM. Martins,
M. Wellhöfer,
J. T. Hoeft,
W. Wurth
Institute of Experimental Physics, Unversity of Hamburg, Germany2007iStar DH740-18F-632
Zeitaufgelöste Spektroskopie von GlimmentladungenF. OlcaytugInstitut für Mikrosystemtechnik, Universität Freiburg, Deutschland2007iStar DH720i-18U-053
Acton SpectraPro 500
Detection of Manganese in Sea Water Using Laser Induced Breakdown  SpectroscopyS. Koch,
W. Garen,
W. Neu
Faculty of Technology, University of Applied Science, Emden, Germany2004iStar DH734-25F-031
Acton SpectraPro 275

Remarks:
1iStar 734 replaced by iStar 334
2iStar 740 replaced by iStar 340
3iStar 720 replaced by iStar 320

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